ERDC Critical Questions

The critical questions are an important guiding framework for ERDC that should provide an overarching framework of what is within ERDC’s purview. When someone asks, “What does ERDC research focus on?” these four topics should come to mind: 

  • Education Systems & Transitions: Are resources and access to educational opportunities distributed equitably across the Washington education system?
  • Student Outcomes & Milestones: How well is the Washington education system producing equitable educational outcomes, particularly for historically marginalized or underserved student groups?
  • Educator Workforce: How well does the Washington education system attract, prepare, and retain a diverse educator workforce that can meet current and future student needs? 
  • Education & Social Conditions: How do state systems and social conditions in Washington impact student opportunities and outcomes?

ERDC Research Agenda Development

ERDC is using the Critical Questions as a foundation to engage in a collaborative process to develop our 2024-2026 research agenda. Our priority is to hear from data contributors, current and potential data requesters, people most impacted by any potential research projects, and policymakers. This will happen through a variety of engagements, including a working group, one on one meetings, and specific focus groups. If you are interested in providing input into our research agenda, please contact


Black Education Strategy Roundtable
Building Changes
College Success Foundation
Community Center for Education Results (Road Map Project)
Council of Presidents
Department of Children, Youth, & Families
Equity in Education Coalition
Education Research & Data Center
Gates Foundation
Graduate Tacoma
Harvard GSE Center for Education Policy Research
Independent Colleges of Washington
Innovia/Launch NW
Kinetic West
Office of Education Ombuds
Office of Financial Management 
Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction -Center for Improvement of Student Learning
Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction- Educator Growth & Development
Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction- Student Information
One America
Professional Educator Standards Board
Seattle Public Schools
Stand for Children
State Board of Community & Technical Colleges
State Board of Education
Tubman Center for Health & Freedom
University of Washington Center for Education Data & Research
University of Washington College of Education
Washington Education Research Association
Washington State Department of Social and Health Services: Reseach and Data Analysis
Washington State Institute for Public Policy
Washington STEM
Washington Student Achievement Council
Workforce Training Board


Educational Opportunity Gap Oversight and Accountability Committee
ERDC Early Learning Research Group
Educator Preparation Programs/Washington Association of Colleges of Teacher Education
Legislative Committee Staff 
ERDC Data Contributors Group
SBCTC Research & Planning Commission
District Assessment Coordinators (via WERA)


ERDC State Research & Data Project Requirements (as of April 2022)

Requirement Description

RCW 28A.190.110

Institutional education programs--Data—Recommendations (HB 1295)

RCW 28A.188.040

STEM education report card

RCW 28A.300.544 Students in foster care, experiencing homelessness, or both--Work group—Report (ESHB 2711)

RCW 28A.300.525

Students in department of children, youth, and families out-of-home care--Report on educational experiences

RCW 28A.600.280

Annual Dual Credit Report (HB1867)

RCW 28B.15.380 Exemption from payment of fees at state universities, regional universities, and The Evergreen State College--Children and surviving spouses of certain law enforcement officers, firefighters, state patrol officers, or highway workers
RCW 28B.77.100 Support data collection and research for PESB and Educator Preparation Programs
RCW 28C.30.040

Career connected learning cross-agency work group—Duties and responsibilities.

RCW 43.41.410 State support for students at institutions of higher education—Information
RCW 43.41.415 Development of methods and protocols for measuring educational costs—Reports.
RCW 43.41.420 Undergraduate and graduate educational costs—Reports to regents and trustees.

WAC 392-700-195

Open Doors Youth Reengagement program evaluation

ERDC Data Support for State Agency Reporting Requirements (as of April 2022)

Requirement Description Primary Partner(s) or Report Leads

RCW 43.216.655

Data collection and program evaluation—Reports. (Early Childhood Education and Assistance Program) WSIPP
RCW 28B.50.925 Guided Pathways-Implementation-Reports WSIPP

RCW 28B.77.100

Support data collection and research for Washington Student Achievement Council


RCW 28B.77.090

Accountability monitoring and reporting system--Data requirements--Uniform dashboard format for display of data--Use of performance data

WSAC, public four-year institutions of higher education within Washington

RCW 28B.77.020

Educational attainment goals and priorities--Short-term strategic action plan--Ten-year road map--System reviews--Role of education data center--Responsibility for work of the office--Additional duties


RCW 28C.18.200

Workforce Education Investment Accountability and Oversight Board

RCW 28B.76.699 Student teaching grant program--Report—Rules WSAC Office of Student Financial Assistance

RCW 28A.155.220

High school transition services--Interagency agreements--Education data center to monitor certain outcomes--

RCW 28B.92.220

Postsecondary institution student-level data—Education data center.


2019 Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems (SLDS) Grant Research Projects

The U.S. Department of Education awarded approximately $105 million to 28 states, including Washington. Applicants were able to apply for funds to carry out projects to address one of three priorities: 1) Infrastructure; 2) Education Choice; and 3) Equity. The ERDC received funding under the Equity Priority of the 2019 SLDS Grant. The ERDC proposed a variety of analysis and research activities focused on equity in five areas:
  1. Education paths for special student populations
  2. Student learning and outcomes 
  3. Equitable access to effective educators
  4. Utilization of social and health services by student populations
  5. School discipline, absence, and juvenile justice involvement.


2015 Statewide Longitudinal Data Systems (SLDS) Grant Research Projects

2015 SLDS Grant Proposal Deliverables: Final reports and grant deliverables are available on our Publications page.